heavyweight adj : heaviest in a category or of a heavyweight category (more than 190 pounds for prizefighters); "a heavyweight boxer"
1 an amateur boxer who weighs no more than 201 pounds
2 a wrestler who weighs more than 214 pounds
3 a professional boxer who weighs more than 190 pounds
- a very large, heavy or impressive person
- the professional boxing weight division for boxers weighing more than 190 pounds; a boxer in that division
- a similar division and contestant in other sports
Heavyweight is a division, or weight class, in boxing. Fighters who weigh over 200 pounds (14 st 4 lb/91 kg) are considered heavyweights by the major professional boxing organizations, including the International Boxing Federation, the International Boxing Organization, the World Boxing Association,, the World Boxing Council, and the World Boxing Organization.
Because this division has no maximum weight limit, it has been historically vaguely defined. In the 19th century, for example, many heavyweight champions weighed 170 pounds (12 st 2 lb, 77 kg) or less (although others weighed 200 pounds and more). In 1920, the minimum weight for a heavyweight was set at 175 pounds (12 st 7 lb, 79 kg), which today is the light heavyweight division maximum. Today, for most boxing organizations, the maximum weight for a cruiserweight is 200 pounds. Thus, a fighter whose weight is over 200 lb may not fight as anything but a heavyweight
It is impossible to say who the "first" heavyweight champion was, since the sport of boxing goes back as far as recorded history and there have always been large fighters. Even in the bare-knuckle era, "champions" were plentiful. Some of the most notable of these included the slave Tom Molineaux, Jack Slack, Jem Belcher, Ben Caunt and Jem Mace. The first heavyweight champion under the Marquess of Queensberry rules was John L. Sullivan, known as "The Boston Strong Boy." He weighed around 200 pounds when in shape and was a bare-knuckle champion. He was defeated by Jim Corbett on September 7, 1892, in 21 rounds.
It should also be noted that in recent years, the heavyweight title has become fractured amongst various sanctioning organizations, and so what was once known as the single "Heavyweight Champion," is now referred to as the "Undisputed Champion" as the one fighter that has defeated all the other titlists.
Olympic championsThe weight limit for the heavyweight class has varied over the years. Currently the division weight paramaters encompass anyone above 81 kg to 91 kg (179 pounds to 201 pounds) http://www.olympic.org/uk/sports/programme/disciplines_uk.asp?DiscCode=BX. Formerly, this division allowed anyone above 178 pounds to fight as a heavyweight. However, in 1984, the super heavyweight class was introduced as the unlimited category. That division is for fighters who weigh over 91 kg.
seealso Super heavyweight
- International Kickboxing Federation (IKF) Heavyweight (Pro & Amateur) 195.1 lb to 215 lb (88.7 kg to 97.7 kg).
heavyweight in Danish: Sværvægt
heavyweight in Italian: Pesi massimi
heavyweight in Hungarian: Nehézsúly
heavyweight in Japanese: ヘビー級
heavyweight in Norwegian: Tungvekt
heavyweight in Simple English: Heavyweight
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